- Clot-busters, e.g., IV tPA: The most promising treatment for ischemic stroke is the FDA-approved clot-busting drug, IV tPA (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator), which must be administered within a three-hour time window from the first sign of symptoms. This time window is why it's critical for anyone showing the signs of stroke to call 911 and get to the hospital immediately.
- Interventional Stroke Care: If a patient presents after the three-hour time window, neurointerventional procedures are performed under the guidance of skilled physicians and advanced imaging techniques. Interventional stroke specialists treat blocked arteries of the brain by removing, breaking-up or even sucking out the blood clot using tiny catheters that are inserted into the groin.
- Surgical Intervention
For hemorrhagic stroke, surgical treatment might be recommended to repair the ruptured blood vessel and stop the bleeding.
- Endovascular Procedures, e.g., “coils”
Endovascular procedures are less invasive and involve the use of a catheter introduced through a major artery in the leg or arm. The catheter is guided to the aneurysm or abnormal blood vessel where it deposits a mechanical agent, such as a coil, to prevent a rupture.